The BMFRP Idea Development Award is intended to support innovative ideas and high-impact approaches based on scientifically sound evidence to move toward the BMFRP vision of understanding and curing BMF diseases. This award mechanism is designed to support new ideas. Proposed research studies should have a high probability of revealing new avenues of investigation. The research project should include a well-formulated, testable hypothesis based on strong scientific rationale and a well-developed and articulated research approach. Personnel on the proposed team should have a strong background in BMF research. The anticipated direct costs budgeted for the entire period of performance for an FY17 BMFRP Idea Development Award will not exceed $315,000. Refer to Section II.D.5., Funding Restrictions, for detailed funding information. This funding opportunity is open to established investigators (EIs) and early career investigators (ECIs). The FY17 BMFRP has included an opportunity for one or more DoD FY17 Bone Marrow Failure Research Program Idea Development Award 4 scientifically meritorious applications from applicants fitting the outlined description of an early career investigator. Early career investigators will be assessed using different criteria for personnel during the review process (refer to Section II.E.1.a., Peer Review). The BMFRP defines the early career investigator as being within 10 years of completing a terminal degree (doctorate or any medical degree), excluding time spent in medical residency, or during family medical leave. The applicant should clearly delineate how he/she meets these eligibility criteria in the biographical sketch. Time spent as a postdoctoral fellow is not excluded and must be within the 10-year span from the time of terminal degree. Postdoctoral fellows are not eligible to apply as early career investigators.